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Catapult Home / Digital Library / Integration of SAR Data Into Monitoring of the 2014–2015 Holuhraun Eruption, Iceland: Contribution of the Icelandic Volcanoes Supersite and the FutureVolc Projects
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Integration of SAR Data Into Monitoring of the 2014–2015 Holuhraun Eruption, Iceland: Contribution of the Icelandic Volcanoes Supersite and the FutureVolc Projects

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Catapult co-author: Cristian Rossi

We report how data from satellite and aerial synthetic aperture radar (SAR) observations were integrated into monitoring of the 2014–2015 Holuhraun eruption in the Bárðarbunga volcanic system, the largest effusive eruption in Iceland since the 1783–84 Laki eruption. A lava field formed in one of the most remote areas in Iceland, after the propagation of a ∼50 km-long dyke beneath the Vatnajökull ice cap, where the Bárðarbunga caldera is located. Due to the 6 month duration of the eruption, mainly in wintertime, daily monitoring was particularly challenging. During the eruption, the European volcanological project FutureVolc was ongoing, allowing collaboration of many European experts on volcano monitoring activities. Icelandic volcanoes are also a permanent Supersite within the Geohazard Supersites and Natural Laboratories (GSNL) initiative, with support from the Committee on Earth Observation Satellite (CEOS) in the form of a large collection of SAR images.

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Image Credit: Joschenbacher/Wikimedia Commons under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International


Cristian Rossi
Principal Earth Observation Specialist
+44 (0)1235 567999
Cristian Rossi received the B.
... see more
Sc and M Sc degrees in telecommunication engineering from the Polytechnic of Milan, Italy, and the Ph D degree in remote sensing technology from the Technical University of Munich, Germany Before joining Catapult, he was a Research Scientist with the German Aerospace Center (DLR), where he was involved in the development of the integrated TanDEM-X processor and in the definition of novel algorithms for synthetic aperture radar missions Since 2017, he has been the Principal Earth Observation Specialist at the Catapult, where he is technically leading several national and international projects focused on the exploitation of remote sensing data for land applications

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